Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Accounting

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Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Accounting can in itself be seen as a method, although no single standardised approach exists. While some state that it is the equivalent of a carbon footprint analysis, others acknowledge that it is not necessarily the same. For this report, a distinction is made between the two, where carbon footprint analysis is the assessment of total GHG produced, whereas GHG accounting is merely the inventorying of GHG emissions. The inventorying can be done according to a smaller, case study specific scope and can also include carbon sinks in the analysis, as opposed to only the emitting sources.

For the case studies of cities, some base their research on a simplified adaptation of the IPCC top-down method (Kennedy et al. 2010), while others apply a bottom-up method (Baldasano, Soriano, and Boada 1999).



Title Type Author(s) Year
Exploring the Relationships Among Travel Multimodality, Driving Behavior, Use of Ridehailing and Energy Consumption Report Circella et al. 2019
Enabling Future Sustainability Transitions: An Urban Metabolism Approach to Los Angeles Journal Article Pincetl et al. 2014
Estimating GHG emissions of marine ports—the case of Barcelona Journal Article Villalba and Gemechu 2011
A LiDAR-based urban metabolism approach to neighbourhood scale energy and carbon emissions modelling Report Christen et al. 2010
Methodology for inventorying greenhouse gas emissions from global cities Journal Article Kennedy et al. 2010
A Demand-Centered, Hybrid Life-Cycle Methodology for City-Scale Greenhouse Gas Inventories Journal Article Ramaswami et al. 2008
A comparison of the sustainability of public and private transportation systems: Study of the Greater Toronto Area Journal Article Christopher A. Kennedy 2002
Emission inventory for greenhouse gases in the City of Barcelona, 1987–1996 Journal Article Baldasano et al. 1999