Input-Output Analysis (IOA)

Back to Input/output methods


Since "Input/output methods" explains this method quite sufficiently, it is only being stressed here that this method typically follows a top down approach, accounting for the monetary transactions between sectors on a macroeconomic level, but have also been applied to urban and sub-national areas. The information is arranged in tables and “used in economics to represent the structure of production and final consumption within an economy (single-region input-output SRIO model) or amongst multiple economies (multi-region input-output MRIO model)” (Schaffartzik et al. 2014).

In some cases, a hybrid method is applied, which is not always pointed out as such and which in this context means that both economic and material data are employed and integrated in the tables (Sinclair et al. 2005).

The strengths and weaknesses of this method are mainly the same as the one of the category in general, except that a big advantage for the monetary tables is that they are put together regularly by national statistical offices and therefore readily available (Schaffartzik et al. 2014).

Alias: MIOT (monetary input-output tables)


Title Type Author(s) Year
A Proposal to Integrate System Dynamics and Carbon Metabolism for Urban Planning Conference Paper Elliot et al. 2018
Urban Metabolism for Resource-Efficient Cities: from Theory to Implementation Report Musango et al. 2017
Impact of the Smart City Industry on the Korean National Economy: Input-Output Analysis Journal Article Kim et al. 2016
Urban energy consumption: Different insights from energy flow analysis, input-output analysis and ecological network analysis Journal Article Chen and Chen 2015
Analysis of the energy metabolism of urban socioeconomic sectors and the associated carbon footprints: Model development and a case study for Beijing Journal Article Zhang et al. 2014
Ecological network analysis of an urban metabolic system based on input-output tables: Model development and case study for Beijing Journal Article Zhang et al. 2014
Analysis of water consumption using a regional input-output model: Model development and application to Zhangye City, Northwestern China Journal Article Wang et al. 2009
Measuring the embodied energy in household goods: application to the Lisbon City Conference Paper Rosado and Ferrão 2008
Ecological Footprints and interdependencies of New Zealand regions Journal Article McDonald and Patterson 2004