Measuring the Impact of Ride-Hailing Firms on Urban Congestion: The Case of Uber in Europe and United States

This paper examines the impact of Uber, the world’s largest ride-hailing firm, on congestion. Drawing on data from large urban areas in Europe and the United States for the period 2008 through 2016, it finds a negative impact of Uber on congestion in Europe and a positive impact in the United States. Results suggest that ride-hailing firms have brought about an increase in vehicle utilization of for-hire cars with drivers in Europe, while they have promoted an increase in the size of the for-hire car with drivers sector in the United States.

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