City of Johannesburg Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (2015)

T a b l e o f c o n t e n t s
ACRONYMS ..............................................................................................................................................III
INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................... 1
Purpose of this document ................................................................................................................... 1
The LAB process................................................................................................................................. 1
LAB Project Goals............................................................................................................................... 1
PART 1: STATE OF JOHANNESBURG’S BIODIVERSITY .................................................................... 3
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................... 3
LOCAL AUTHORITY.................................................................................................................................... 4
THE BIODIVERSITY ASSESSMENT............................................................................................................... 4
Biodiversity hotspots ........................................................................................................................... 4
Flora .................................................................................................................................................... 4
Surface waters .................................................................................................................................... 5
Terrestrial habitats .............................................................................................................................. 6
Areas requiring attention..................................................................................................................... 6
PART 2: OBLIGATIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES ............................................................................... 7
LOCAL AND REGIONAL POLICIES AND GUIDELINES THAT IMPACT ON BIODIVERSITY IN JOBURG........................ 7
NATIONAL LEVEL POLICIES, GUIDELINES AND LEGISLATION ........................................................................ 13
INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS AND AGREEMENTS...................................................................................... 16
PART 3: VISION AND GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR THE COJ LBSAP............................................... 21
OVERALL VISION FOR THE CITY ................................................................................................................ 21
STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES ......................................................................................................................... 21
GUIDING PRINCIPLES .............................................................................................................................. 22
PART 4: THE ACTION PLANS .............................................................................................................. 23
ACTION AREA 1: URBAN ECOLOGICAL NETWORK ..................................................................................... 24
ACTION AREA 2: GOVERNANCE ............................................................................................................... 34
ACTION AREA 3: EDUCATION AND AWARENESS......................................................................................... 43
ACTION AREA 4: BIODIVERSITY FEATURES ............................................................................................... 52
Watercourses .................................................................................................................................... 52
Ridges ............................................................................................................................................... 62
Species and ecosystems of special concern .................................................................................... 69
ACTION AREA 5: SOCIAL OPEN SPACES................................................................................................... 80
ACTION AREA 6: SERVICES AND UTILITIES (SERVITUDES) .......................................................................... 86
ACTION AREA 7: INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES ............................................................................................... 90
PART 5: MONITORING AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK ............................................................. 109
CONCLUSION AND WAY FORWARD ................................................................................................ 110
Priority Projects............................................................................................................................... 110
REFERENCES ...................................................................................................................................... 114

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